2. The Body

(1) Keep the body neat and clean like a temple.

(2) After urination cleanse with water or by some other means.

(3) Twice daily before your regular meditation, and before any other time of meditation, bath or vyápaka shaoca (thorough cleanliness, half bath) must be done.

(4) Before taking food and before going to sleep, do vyápaka shaoca with cold water, or in cold weather, with lukewarm water. (Method of doing vyápaka shaoca: At first wash your genital organs; then hands up to elbows and legs up to knees; then, taking a mouthful of water, splash water on the eyes and face at least twelve times. Finally wash the ears and the neck. Do násápána (flushing the nostrils with water) also (only if your stomach is empty).

(5) It is imperative to fast without water on ekádashii (eleventh day after full moon and new moon). In addition, if desired, a fast can be observed on two more days of the month, namely púrńimá (full moon) and amávasyá (new moon). For a sannyásii (renunciant) it is imperative to fast invariably on both ekádashiis, púrńimá and amávasyá.

1956, Jamalpur

3. Society

(1) Before taking food, ascertain if anybody present there has not eaten. If anyone has not eaten, do not take food unless the person willingly gives permission.

(2) Whatever food you have, distribute it equally among all the Margis present, and then eat. But if somebody expresses unwillingness to eat, that is a different matter. You need not then feel restrained.

(3) Love all, trust in all, but do not give responsibility to those not established in Yama-Niyama.

(4) Science is not the enemy of humanity. Avidyá (ignorance) is the enemy of humanity. Keep strict vigilance that the knowledge of science is confined only to those persons who are established in Yama-Niyama.

(5) Hypocrites are:
(a) Those who give indulgence to falsehood;
(b) Those who are ungrateful to their benefactors;
(c) Those who do not keep their word;
(d) Those who betray;
(e) Those who slander behind one’s back.
(6) You may come to a temporary truce with a hypocrite, but do not forgive till his/her nature is reformed. Immediate forgiveness is a special weakness of mind. It results in worse harm to society. Those who cherish class distinctions, communalism, provincialism and casteism while indulging in propaganda about universalism are also hypocrites.

(7) Help the weak and the helpless in all possible ways.

(8) You should always strive to maintain the honour of women, without considering whether a woman belongs to a particular caste or religion.

(9) Never attack the religious beliefs of anyone. Make the person understand gradually with logic. If you attack a person’s religious beliefs, it means you have attacked Ananda Marga.

(10) Distinctions based on profession, wealth and birth are man-made. You must not give indulgence to these things in any way. Only vested interests are behind class distinctions.

(11) To ensure the subsistence of ácáryas (spiritual teachers), all kinds of sacrifice should be accepted.

(12) One who does not come forward to help when seeing a person in distress is unworthy to be called a human being – he or she is a slur on Ananda Marga.

(13) The unity of Ananda Margis should not be allowed to be jeopardized for any reason. Unity should be maintained even at the risk of your life.

(14) If an Ananda Margi engages in harming another Ananda Margi he or she remains under the condemnation of Ánandamúrtijii till his/her conduct is reformed.

(15) Agriculture, arts, commerce and other developmental work should, as far as possible, be carried out on a cooperative basis.

(16) Fine arts lead human beings to the trans-sensory realm; hence sádhakas should not discourage fine arts; rather they should support them, directly or indirectly.

(17) Artists are great benefactors of society, hence take active steps for their protection. For example, before enacting a drama or its translation, enough money for a day’s maintenance must be given to the author.

(18) If a drama or other art performance is staged and a charge is made for tickets, after deducting the incidental expenditure, the remaining money should be distributed among the artists, half on the basis of labour and half on the basis of merit.

(19) The faults of others should be excused as far as possible. If you find that the conduct of an individual is antisocial, you should try to reform his or her nature by resorting to whatever severe measures may be necessary. Remember, he or she is not your enemy, but his/her conduct is the enemy of your society.

(20) Four kinds of debt are irredeemable – debt to father, debt to mother, debt to ácárya, and debt to guru (divine debt).

(a) The only way to do service to one’s father after his death is to help every male member of the universe to progress on the path of highest development.

(b) The only way to do service to one’s mother after her death is to help every female member of the universe to progress on the path of highest development.

(c) The best service to the ácárya is to work for the comfort and benefit of one’s ácárya and his/her family.

(d) The best service to Márga Guru is to work according to His wishes. But however much service one renders, one will not redeem the four debts until Mokśa (salvation) is attained.

(21) Sevá (service) is of four kinds – shúdrocita, vaeshyocita, kśatriyocita and viprocita. This is known as nr yajiṋa.

Serving the sick, performing the funeral rites of a dead body, helping the suffering and doing all possible developmental work, through physical labour, is known as shúdrocita sevá.

Economic service to living beings and the giving of food and water is vaeshyocita sevá. To rescue a person in distress, or to compel a person moving on the wrong path to come to the right path, by one’s strength, physical capability and courage, is kśatriyocita sevá. To help human society in its mental and spiritual development by application of parájiṋána (intuitional knowledge) is viprocita sevá.

Remember that the value of each service is the same. Whatever kind of service is most necessary at a given time should be rendered.

The scriptures express that vipras are like the head of virát́puruśa (Supreme Consciousness), kśatriyas are like the arms, vaeshyas are like the trunk and shúdras are like the two legs. Think, therefore, are not all four purposive? The head controls the legs, and the legs support the head.

The result of viprocita sevá is lasting and that of the rest is short-lived. But even so, under special conditions, kśatriyocita, vaeshyocita or shúdrocita service may be the only recourse – there viprocita sevá may perhaps be completely meaningless.

(As the base of the jiiva [being] is Brahma, so the base of society is the shúdra; hence for one who cannot be a good shúdra, to try to become kśatriya, vaeshya or vipra is meaningless.) An Ananda Margi will have to be vipra, kśatriya, vaeshya and shúdra all at once.